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Infection Prevention and Control 
is not a new specialty but it is one that has gained attention locally, nationally and globally, in light of the emergence and re-emergence of childhood diseases, such as measles and pertussis and the Pandemic H1N1 Influenza outbreaks, not to mention Ebola. Nurses are educated to be familiar with basic Infection Control principles whether they work in acute care settings, long-term care, home health, clinics or physician’s offices.

The term Infection Control has recently been changed to Infection Prevention and Control with an emphasis on prevention. It follows that nurses and other medical professionals who work closely within the specialty, are now referred to as Infection Preservationists. After all, preventing healthcare associated infections should be the primary concern. Controlling them implies there is already a problem.

Infection Prevention and Control in Skilled Nursing, Long-term and Long-term Acute Care begins with developing a strong Infection Prevention and Control program designed to prevent transmission of infection from resident to staff, staff to patient and patient to patient. In Long-term Care the job typically, but not always, falls to the Staff Developer. Often times there is a sudden vacancy, for whatever reason, and an urgent assignment is made to a nurse who may have no measurable experience in the specialty. Before the appointee begins to feel overwhelmed, it is very important that the Infection Preventionist have the support of physicians, nursing, administration and ancillary services.

To those nurses who find themselves feeling unprepared for the new role suddenly thrust upon them, please consider becoming a member of our National Professional Association, the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). There you will find classes, seminars, videos, podcasts, manuals, books, magazines and information regarding certification in Infection Control. A visit to the website is well worthwhile.